Oftentimes, students can impart Why Use Cell Phones as Learning Tools Cell phones are different from a computer lab filled with computers or a cart of netbooks because the cell phone is personal technology.
Talking about knowledge means talking about the self-organization of society and social systems. How can knowledge be managed in a self-organizing system? Hence human beings would have to rely on competition and adaptation to systemic effects, human intervention would be harmful.
I consider participatory systems design as an attractive alternative to such a systemic fatalism. If one considers human beings as central moments of social self-organization, one can argue that knowledge management is a fundamental human activity that transforms social systems.
Creative synergies can arise from communicative actions and result in novelty and innovation. Foundations Of A Theory of Social Self-Organization The aim of this paper is to point out some implications of considering social systems as self-organizing knowledge systems for the notion of knowledge management.
For doing so, I will first point out some foundations of a theory of social self-organization section 1then I will discuss the relationship of self-organization and knowledge management section 2and will make some conclusions section 3.
Social analysis has to begin with individuals producing in a society, i. The active human being is the component or element of a social system. By interaction of human actors, new social qualities and structures can emerge that cannot be reduced to the individual level.
This is a process of bottom-up emergence that is called agency. Emergence in this context means the appearance of at least one new systemic quality that cannot be reduced to the elements of the system.
So this quality is irreducible and it is also to a certain extent unpredictable, i. Structures also influence individual actions and thinking.
They constrain and enable actions. This is a process of top-down emergence where new individual and group properties can emerge.
It again and again creates its own unity and maintains itself. Societal structures enable and constrain actions as well as individuality and are a result of actions which are a correlation of mutual individuality that results in sociality.
The self-organization of social systems Re-creation denotes that individuals that are parts of a system permanently change their joint environment. This enables the system to change, maintain, adapt and reproduce itself. Societal systems are re-creative ones because they can create new reality, the socio-cultural human being has the ability to create the conditions for his further evolution all by himself.
The mutual productive process of re-creation describes the reflexive, self-referential nature of society in which structures are medium and outcome of social actions Giddens, Erich Jantsch says social systems are re-creative ones because they can create new reality Jantsch, Creativity means the ability to create something new that seems desirable and helps to achieve defined goals.
By anticipating the future and creating new reality, social systems transcend themselves self-transcendence. Man can create images of the future and actively strive to make these images become social reality. Individuals can anticipate possible future states of the world, society as it could be or as one would like it to become; and they can act according to these anticipations.
Man has ideals, visions, dreams, hopes and expectations which are based on the ability of imagination which helps him to go beyond existing society and to create alternatives for future actions. Based on creativity, man designs society see Banathy, Design is a future-creating human activity that goes beyond facticity, creates visions of a desirable future and looks for a solution to existing problems.
Design creates new knowledge and findings. Man designs machines, tools, theories, social systems, physical entities, nature, organizations etc. It is opposed to an understanding of design as a hierarchical process and as the expert-led generation of knowledge about the world and solutions to problems.
As Ernst Bloch pointed out, desires, wishes, anxieties, hopes, fantasies, imaginations play an important role in society and hence one should also stress the subjective, creative dimension in the constitution of human and social experience.
Bloch has shown that hopes and utopias are fundamental motives in all human actions and thinking. These are also important differences between animals and humans. Terming the self-organization of society re-creation acknowledges as outlined by Giddens the importance of the human being as a reasonable and knowledgeable actor in social theory.
Giddens himself has stressed that the duality of structure has to do with re-creation:Social learning is an approach to working on complex environmental problems, particularly those with high degrees of uncertainty, lots of interested parties and disagreement around causes, effects and even desired outcomes.
There is no one definition of social learning, but the Read more Social learning – what it looks like ›. Stephen Raudenbush. Lewis Sebring Distinguished Service Professor of Sociology. Areas of Interest. Child and youth development within social settings such as classrooms, schools, and neighborhoods; Hierarchical linear modes, with broad applications in the design .
This article considers the opportunities and risks social media entails, and offers advice on developing policy. It outlines the types of opportunities for using social networks, blogs, and wikis in student support and engagement. You'll . This article considers the opportunities and risks social media entails, and offers advice on developing policy.
It outlines the types of opportunities for using social networks, blogs, and wikis in student support and engagement.
You'll also find good practice examples. Integrating public data to solve public problems. Camden ARISE (Administrative Records Integration for Service Excellence) combines information from public data systems to create a multi-dimensional picture of citywide lausannecongress2018.com linking information from multiple data systems, including criminal justice, healthcare, and housing, Camden ARISE .
Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant behavior problems including emotional instability, depression, and a tendency to be aggressive or violent with others.
Troublesome behaviors may persist long after the abusive or neglectful environment has changed or the child has been in foster care placement.