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In the exam What is referencing? Academic writing relies on more than just the ideas and experience of one author. It also uses the ideas and research of other sources: These other sources may be used to support the author's ideas, or the author may be discussing, analysing, or critiquing other sources.
Referencing is used to tell the reader where ideas from other sources have been used in an assignment. There are many reasons why it is important to reference sources correctly: It shows the reader that you can find and use sources to create a solid argument It properly credits the originators of ideas, theories, and research findings It shows the reader how your argument relates to the big picture For a detailed discussion, see why reference?
Failure to properly acknowledge sources is called plagiarismand it can carry significant academic penalties. Fortunately, plagiarism is easy to avoid by following a few basic principles.
What needs to be referenced? Whenever an assignment uses words, facts, ideas, theories, or interpretations from other sources, those sources must be referenced.
Referencing is needed when: You have copied words from a book, article, or other source exactly quotation You have used an idea or fact from an outside source, even if you haven't used their exact wording paraphrasing and summarising The only exception to this is when the information is common knowledgewhich is something that anyone is likely to know.
If you are uncertain whether to reference something or not, it is better to reference it. Citations and references There are two elements used in referencing: A citation in the text of the assignment also known as in-text citations An entry in a reference list at the end of the assignment The citation contains only enough information for the reader to find the source in the reference list.
Usually, this is the name of the source's author and the year the source was published. When testing the usability of a website, it is necessary to gather demographic information about the users Lazar, In this example, Lazar, tells the reader that this information has come from a source written by Lazar, which was published in This is a signpost, pointing the reader to the reference list.
The reference list is a list of all the sources used and cited in an assignment. It is alphabetised according to the names of the authors. Each entry in the reference list contains detailed information about one source.
This usually includes the author's name, the year of publication, the title of the source, and other publication details.
Public policy in Australia and New Zealand: The new global context. Australian Journal of Political Science, 41 2— A user-centered design approach. Ministry for Primary Industries. Referencing styles Referencing is a formal system: Many students find referencing quite intimidating at first. Like any skill, it takes time and patience to learn.
It is the most common referencing style used at Massey University.MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
What is Cite This For Me’s Citation Generator? Are you looking for an easy and reliable way to cite your sources in the MLA format? Look no further because Cite This For Me’s MLA citation generator is designed to remove the hassle of citing.
Corporations or organizations as authors If the author is an organization, committee, or corporation, a shortened form may be created for the in-text reference to avoid interrupting the text with a . 3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA.
1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference?
The majority of dissertations done at institutions in the United States and Canada – including CIIS – and some dissertations from institutions in other countries are published through ProQuest/UMI. How to Cite a Thesis or Dissertation in MLA 7 Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a university.
Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an . Use the following template to cite a dissertation using the MLA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides.
To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.